The Border Force and the UK Border Agency will operate separately from now. The decision to split the two organisations was made by Home Secretary Theresa May following the publication of the Vine Report into unauthorised border checks.
The new interim head of the Border Force, Chief Constable Brian Moore, has officially taken up the office.
He will lead the newly formed Home Office operational command that will be responsible for immigration and customs, including controls in France and Belgium.
He said: ‘I am delighted to start as the new interim Head of the Border Force as we officially move out of the UK Border Agency and into a new Home Office command.
‘Securing the borders and protecting our communities from crime is a huge challenge and vitally important to the UK.
‘I see my appointment as a reflection of the importance of the Border Force in national and international law enforcement and I am hugely excited by this opportunity to make ours amongst the safest borders it the world.’
The UK Border Agency, under Chief Executive Rob Whiteman, will continue to be responsible for immigration casework, in-country enforcement and removals activity, the immigration detention estate and our overseas immigration operations.
Chief Constable Moore has more than 30 years of operational policing experience mainly as a criminal investigator in London, tackling serious and organised crime and as the national police lead for all aspects of violent crime and public protection.
The Vine report is mainly uncomplimentary towards UK Border Force. The report corroborated that reduced checks took place on those arriving in the UK without ministerial authorisation in the period after 2007. The cut in checks were non-existent in the first two years, but increased noticeably in 2011.
UK Border Force sometimes put off checks in unauthorised circumstances. Fingerprint protected ID was shelved on a number of occasions without ministerial approval.