European countries are set to receive more support from the EU to take up refugees under a new joint resettlement programme. The programme which has been endorsed by the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties Committee, will be voted in Parliament on 29th March 2012.
The programme aims to step up the EU's role in providing international protection, especially for vulnerable groups such as women at risk and unaccompanied minors, in cooperation with the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).
It will resettle in the EU people who have been granted refugee status in third countries (for example, Libyan refugees in Tunisia). As the host countries are often developing ones, with limited resources, they cannot integrate and protect large numbers of refugees.
According to the UNHCR, over 172,000 people will need to be resettled in 2012, whereas the global number of resettlement places is only about 80,000.
In 2010, the EU resettled around 4,700 people, representing only 4.4% of those resettled worldwide that year, far behind the US (near 54,000 refugees) and Canada (around 6,700).
The programme's main aim is to encourage EU Member States to take up refugees by enlarging the list of those whose resettlement will be financed by the European Refugee Fund. This should include vulnerable persons such as children and women at risk, unaccompanied minors, persons with serious medical needs and, at Parliament's request, refugees in need of urgent resettlement for legal or physical reasons.
Furthermore, the programme will set a series of geographical priorities on a yearly basis. In 2013, these will cover, among others, Iraqi refugees in Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan; Afghan refugees in Turkey, Pakistan and Iran; Congolese refugees in Burundi, Malawi, Rwanda and Zambia or Somali refugees in Ethiopia.
In line with MEPs' proposals, EU financial support for resettling refugees in the above groups will be increased. Member States currently receive €4,000 per person resettled on their territory. To encourage more EU countries to help in resettlement, Member States resettling refugees for the first time will get €6,000 per person for the first year and €5,000 per person for the second year. For the rest the sum received will stay at €4,000.
To date, 13 Member States have set up annual resettlement programmes: the UK, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Ireland, Portugal, France, Romania, the Czech Republic, Spain, Hungary and Bulgaria.
MEP Rui Tavares said: "The inertia regarding the creation of a EU resettlement programme and the changes to the European Refugee Fund made us lose two years of resettlement of refugees in the EU. Although frustrated by the procedural delays in an issue that deals with the life of the most vulnerable people in the world, I am now hopeful that Member States will use the extra money and will start resettlement programmes as well as increase their pledge. This new programme will allow resettlement for the year 2013. Parliament, Commission, Council, UNHCR and NGOs will now have to work together to have more than a European Refugee Fund: a EU Refugee Programme".
The Joint EU Resettlement Programme has been agreed by Parliament and Council representatives. If adopted by the Parliament on 29th March 2012, Member States will have until 1st May 2012 to send the Commission an estimate of the number of persons they will resettle next year. The programme will apply in 2013.