The economic crisis has "disproportionately" affected migrants and ethnic minorities who are also facing increasing racism and discrimination, a new report has revealed.
“Shadow Report on racism in Europe 2010-2011” by ENAR shows that migrants and ethnic minorities are affected by unemployment and precarious working conditions throughout the continent.
Economic turmoil has resulted in increased unemployment across the board, but in particular for ethnic minorities. In Spain for instance, the highest unemployment rates are found among migrants from Morocco and Sub-Saharan countries (with figures close to 50% during the second quarter of 2010).
Economic downturn also creates fears among the general public that incite racist behaviour. It has also led to financial cuts to anti-racism activities in many countries.
In Lithuania, for instance, the national anti-discrimination programme for 2009-2011 received less than 1% of the funding which was initially planned for 2010.
In addition, racially motivated violence committed both by neo-Nazi groups and other perpetrators is on the rise, in parallel to a growing success of far right parties and movements, for instance in the United Kingdom, Denmark, Hungary, Greece and Poland.
The report also highlights that people of African descent are particularly vulnerable to racism and racial discrimination in several EU Member States, and their visibility heightens this vulnerability.
In the United Kingdom for instance, a black person is at least six times more likely to be stopped and searched than a white person.
In Latvia, most members of the African community hold university diplomas but few are able to find a job that corresponds to their educational level.
Although EU Member States have transposed EU anti-discrimination legislation into national law, few cases are brought forward and the legal provisions are often not implemented in practice.
In most EU countries, there is also a shift towards more restrictive migration policies with states seeking to maintain more control of their borders, and of those seeking the right to reside within EU territory.
“It is worrying to see that racism and discrimination continue to be so pervasive across the EU,” ENAR Chair Chibo Onyeji said. “Politicians must convey the message that equal access to jobs, housing and schooling are crucial to build a prosperous and cohesive society – all the more so in an economic crisis. We cannot afford to leave whole sections of the population on the sidelines.”